Transport services for Health and Care represent a remarkable area within the whole system of transport and mobility.
It is estimated that each year 83% of adults and 90% of children are forced to travel for health reasons. At European level is occurring an increase of people who travel for health reasons; the search for care in a foreign country is growing. In an EU-wide survey the majority of consumers stated that they expect that travelling long distances for Health and Care services will be normal in 2020 (EC-DG Health) whilst Eurobarometer underlines that most EU citizens is available to go abroad to receive Health and Care services.
At the same time, also the displacements of the staff employed in the Health and Care system are significant.
The environmental impact of travels due to health reasons is relevant and it is estimated that transport services for Health and Care currently produce emissions equivalent to approximately 5% of all road transport emissions. Otherwise, many of these journeys could be rendered unnecessary through a better use of disseminated services and communication within the Health and Care sector, as well as through a tailored and more integrated planning of the infrastructures, capable to take into consideration also Health and Care needs. Inefficient and ineffective transport services for Health and Care mean superfluous journeys, poor or useless investments in infrastructures, difficult access to Health and Care services, important costs towards the environment.